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Wind that Shakes the Barley - A FAILED PLAN for FREEDOM

After his political organization was banned, Tone went to America. He spent a brief time in Philadelphia but soon left for France. Since the newly formed French Republic was already at war with England, Tone found an ally. As he said at the time:

England's difficulty [with France] is Ireland's opportunity.

But Tone had problems living in France. He didn't know the language. He had a wife and three young children. Undaunted, Tone directed his considerable discipline toward developing a plan. He was given a commission as a French military officer.

Working with “citizen generals” of the French Republic, Tone helped to plan a French military landing in Ireland. He thought it was the only way to evict Britain from Irish shores.

A French invasion - with nearly 15,000 French troops - was first attempted in December of 1796. The sea around Ireland is not a friendly place in the winter, however. Bad weather at the landing point of Bantry Bay, near the country’s southern tip, was ruinous for the French expedition.

What might have been a successful effort to end British control of the Emerald Isle never got its start. Even so, the Irish people supported French involvement, as this popular Irish ballad - of the 1790s - illustrates:

They come, they come
See myriads come -
Of Frenchmen to relieve us;

Seize, seize the pike
Beat, beat the drum
They come, my friends
To save us.

Although Tone's ship arrived in Bantry Bay, General Louis Lazare Hoche, the expedition commander, was delayed by thick fog and bad weather. On Christmas Day, winds were at gale force and Tone's ship was forced to leave Bantry Bay harbor. Tone and his French colleagues had to scrap plans for 1796 invasion.

Before Tone could finalize new plans, Irish rebels began up an uprising in County Wexford in the spring of 1798. Since they were located in southeast Ireland, Wexford rebels believed the French could easily come to their aid. Napoleon Bonaparte, however, was now Commander of the French Army. He had significant plans for his troops. Those plans did not include battles in Ireland.

By the time a French relief expedition was hastily put together, Irish rebels had been defeated at Vinegar Hill in County Wexford. French forces had arrived - about two months too late.

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Author: Carole D. Bos, J.D. 5124stories and lessons created

Original Release: Jun 01, 2006

Updated Last Revision: Feb 28, 2015


To cite this story (For MLA citation guidance see easybib or OWL ):

"A FAILED PLAN for FREEDOM " AwesomeStories.com. Jun 01, 2006. Nov 21, 2017.
       <http://www.awesomestories.com/asset/view/A-FAILED-PLAN-for-FREEDOM-Wind-that-Shakes-the-Barley>.
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