Compare the differing impact of the Civil War on South Carolinians

The Civil War had a profound impact on daily lives of all the people in South Carolina.  When the war came, many of the wealthiest slave owners volunteered and served as officers in the Confederate

Others were exempt from service under the “20 slave” Men from the lower classes served and died in disproportionate numbers to their elite countrymen. When the Civil War ended, many plantations had been

War brought an end to slavery and the plantation owners lost the fortunes that had been tied up in slave property.  Since a manpower shortage in the South during the war pressed most males into service, after

the war ended most of the male population was Confederate veterans who were eventually pardoned by the US government  As the men went off to fight, women were left behind to lend to the farms and run the

plantations. The lives of women were made especially difficult because of shortages of supplies such as clothes and food needed by the southern soldiers. Women found substitutes for many products

or did without, especially as inflation made Confederate money Some women served as nurses to the wounded or raised money for the cause.  Many were forced to flee their homes as Union forces

advanced, only to return to ruins. At the end of the war, many were left widowed and were forced to continue to be the sole providers for the family.  During the war, many African Americans fled to nearby

Union lines to claim freedom.  Others stayed on the plantation and waited for the Union army arrive and free them.  President Lincoln issued the Emancipation  Proclamation, declaring that all slaves in areas 

that had not yet been captured by the Union army were free.  These states, still under the control of the Confederacy  did not obey the Union President and most slaves remained on plantations following the

progress of the war.  Slaves were freed as a result of military action, not as a result of the Emancipation Proclamation.  President Lincoln‟s proclamation allowed African  Americans to fight for the Union Army

and many, including both free blacks and recent runaways, volunteered immediately.  Although African American troops served with distinction, they were discriminated against.

They served under the leadership of white officers and  were paid less than their white comrades.  Some African Americans were put into service for the  Confederate armies, as masters took their slaves with

them to the battlefield or they were commandeered to build defenses for the South.   The Civil War also had an impact on children. Both slave and free children assisted around the farm or plantations.   Some

boys as young as 10 enlisted in the army, served as drummer boys and standard bearers, were sometimes caught in the crossfire and died for their cause.After the war, many children were left without fathers

or had fathers whose ability to earn a livelihood was hampered as a result of the injuries (and surgeries) they had sustained during the war. An entire generation grew up coping with war-resultant changes that

made their lives vastly different from those of their parents‟ generation.

Original Release: Sep 10, 2016

Updated Last Revision: Nov 08, 2016

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"Compare the differing impact of the Civil War on South Carolinians " AwesomeStories.com. Sep 10, 2016. Jan 20, 2019.
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