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Gaza - Aerial View

Gaza - Aerial View Ancient Places and/or Civilizations History Social Studies World History Geography

Like the city of Tyre, which refused to surrender to Alexander, Gaza (also a former Phoenician city) did not quickly give-in to Alexander’s demands.

We learn more about Gaza’s efforts to resist Alexander at Livius:

[Alexander brought] the siege engines to Gaza, the next town that refused to surrender. The strong walls crowned a steep hill and Alexander's engineers were afraid that they could never take the town. Nonetheless, they constructed a mound. The siege engines, however, were unable to destroy the fortifications.

Not to be outdone, the engineers built mines and made the wall collapse. After a siege of four months, Gaza fell in October 332. The male population was killed to a man.

The Persian governor of Gaza, Batis, had done an excellent job: he presented his king with extra time to gather a new army. Alexander was furious, ordered the man to be tied to his chariot, and dragged him around the city. This behavior was inspired by Alexander's legendary ancestor Achilles, who, according to Homer, had dishonored the corpse of the Trojan warrior Hector in a similar way.

Today, the city of Gaza is located in an area of the Middle East known as the “Gaza Strip.” It borders the Mediterranean Sea on the west side of the city. It is the largest urban area in the Gaza Strip.

Click on the image for a better view.


Media Credits

Image online, courtesy Wikimedia Commons.

 

 

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