Mummies: Bodies Talk - INCA MUMMIES

INCA MUMMIES (Illustration) Ancient Places and/or Civilizations Film Geography History Social Studies STEM Archeological Wonders

Before she became a mummy, "Juanita" was a young girl who was sacrificed to the Incan gods.  Also known as "Lady of Ampato" and the "Inca Ice Maiden," she likely lived between 1450 and 1480 and was probably between the ages of 11 and 15 when she died.  Image online, courtesy Wikimedia Commons.


From Cuzco, his capital in the high Andes, The Ninth Inka (Inca), Pachacuti, ruled his people. Later, an empire (building on Pachachuti's early conquests), would be called "Inca," (in English, "the ruler").

Once the largest civilization in "the new world," stretching north through Equador and extending south to Argentina, the Inca Empire flourished for about one hundred years (during the 15th and 16th centuries).

When the Atahualpa Inka was kidnapped (and later killed), the kingdom fell to gold-seeking Spanish Conquistadors, in the 16th century.

The life and times of the people remained largely unknown to the outside world since the Incas did not have a written language. Machu Picchu (Machupijchu), today the most famous settlement of the Inca Empire, remained hidden until a Yale archaeologist (Hiram Bingham) rediscovered it in 1911.

As the 20th century continued, scholars (seeking to learn more about the empire) found unexpected information in unanticipated places: Inca mummies were being located in Peru.

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Author: Carole D. Bos, J.D. 5155stories and lessons created

Original Release: Sep 01, 2006

Updated Last Revision: Jun 19, 2017

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