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Santa Claus - SINTERKLAAS VISITS AMERICA

SINTERKLAAS VISITS AMERICA (Illustration) Ancient Places and/or Civilizations Archeological Wonders Biographies Fiction Film History Social Studies World History Famous People

This image, depicting Saint Nicholas (also known as Sinterklaas), is by Rie Cramer and is online via Radio Netherlands Worldwide.

 

Christmas was not the celebration it is today when St. Nicholas of Bari died. Later, after he was made a saint and the Church began to observe Christmas as a yearly event, the Feast of St. Nicholas was incorporated into the season.

But when the Reformation took hold in Europe, Protestants took a dim view of saints. They especially opposed their veneration. As a result, each country developed its own unique holiday gift-giver:

  • Pere Noel, for example, in France;
  • Father Christmas in England;
  • Kris Kringle in Germany; and
  • The Dutch Sinterklaas who, with his flowing bishop’s robe and white beard, could be said to most nearly resemble the original Saint Nicholas.

When Dutch colonists settled in New Amsterdam (now known as New York City), they brought their Christmas culture and their Feast of St. Nicholas to the New World. Understandably, non-Dutch speakers mispronounced “Sinterklaas.” Soon the famous bishop was called “Santa Claus.”

In those days, Santa Claus was not yet the “jolly old elf” he became in the 19th century. For that transformation, we have to thank Clement Clark Moore, Professor of Classics (and son of Columbia College’s president), who had written a scholarly work on the Hebrew language.

Fortunately, the prof had children who needed more than old books and ancient words to entertain them.

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Author: Carole D. Bos, J.D. 5189stories and lessons created

Original Release: Nov 01, 2006

Updated Last Revision: Dec 09, 2015


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