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Spread of Islam Under Umar, 634-644 C.E.

Spread of Islam Under Umar, 634-644 C.E. Geography Ancient Places and/or Civilizations Biographies Famous Historical Events Famous People Philosophy Social Studies

Umar was the second Caliph, following the death of the Prophet Muhammad.  Abu Bakr (Muhammad's immediate successor and first caliph) appointed Umar from his own deathbed.

Taking a title which means "Commander of the Faithful" in English, Umar was responsible for the spread of Islam outside Arabia.  By the end of his ten-year reign, Umar and his military forces had conquered Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Egypt and Iran.

Despite his conquests, Umar established a policy of tolerance toward Christians and Jews, referenced in the Koran as "peoples of the Book" (in other words, people who had their own scripture).  

This map depicts the advancement of Islam during the time of Umar's Caliphate.


Media Credits

Map, described above, from an online book entitled "The Islamic World to 1600," by the Department of History, University of Calgary.

 

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"Spread of Islam Under Umar, 634-644 C.E." AwesomeStories.com. Oct 07, 2013. Jan 22, 2020.
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