Shadow on the Mountain - THE FALL of NORWAY

THE FALL of NORWAY (Illustration) World War II World History Social Studies Disasters Famous Historical Events Civil Rights Ethics

The Royal House of Norway has made this picture available online, with this caption: "German forces march into Oslo."


Immediately after the German invasion begins, Norwegians are unclear about what is really happening in Oslo.

  • Is the King safe?
  • Are government leaders safe?
  • Is Quisling really in charge?

When Norway’s King Haakon VII hears about Quisling’s radio broadcast, urging Norwegians not to resist German invaders, he is appalled. The King assures his people they must resist and, if they don’t, he will abdicate. The King, however, cannot safely remain in Norway.

Like royal families of other German-occupied lands, King Haakon, the Crown Prince and the sitting government must avoid Nazi capture. They will flee to England.

By the 12th of April, 1940, women and children are evacuating from towns before the Germans arrive.

Erling’s father is busy at the rail station even as the invaders step-up their reconnaissance flights over Norwegian territory. Erling’s mother and her two children also leave their Lillehammer home.

After a couple of months, Erling returns to Lillehammer. He witnesses German soldiers marching through town, singing these words (in English translation):

Now we’re on our way to England.

Maybe.  Maybe not.

Meanwhile ... nowhere in their country is truly safe for fleeing Norwegians, and Quisling (the traitor) doesn’t really have the power he thinks he has.

Hitler decides to install a German military officer who will lead the government in Norway. His name is Josef Terboven and, by the 24th of April, he is in power. Among other things, he has orders to report directly to the German Fuhrer.

In one of his first actions, Terboven—who presumes he has the power to change things in Norway—deposes the King, and the government, and puts an end to all political parties except for the Nazis. (There were Norwegian Nazis.)

Using their blitzkrieg (“lightning war”) tactics, the Germans prove too powerful for Norway’s military. By the 9th of June, roughly two months after the invasion begins, the Norwegian military surrenders.

The civilian population, however, is another story. It doesn’t take long before an effective Norwegian Resistance movement (called “Milorg”) springs into action.

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Author: Carole D. Bos, J.D. 5190stories and lessons created

Original Release: Mar 09, 2015

Updated Last Revision: Jun 09, 2019

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"THE FALL of NORWAY" AwesomeStories.com. Mar 09, 2015. Jan 20, 2020.
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