No one knew how bad it would be. And with no seawall to protect them against a 15-foot storm surge, the people and their city were totally defenseless against the frenzied sea. The storm even pulled out embedded railroad tracks and threw railroad box cars around as though they were toys.
In 1858, Braman's Information About Texas included some incredibly prophetic comments (see page 46) about Galveston Island:
And Galveston Island, with all its boasted accumulation of people, habitations, wealth, trade, and commerce, is but a waif of the ocean...liable, at any moment, and certain, at no distant day, of being engulfed and submerged by the self-same power that gave it form. Neither is it possible for all the skillful devices of mortal man to protect this DOOMED place against the impending danger; the terrible power of a hurricane cannot be calculated, much less resisted; its strength is the awful power of combined elements, and the waters of the mighty deep are made a fearful and sudden engine of destruction...
Four years before the monster storm "engulfed and submerged" the city, Galveston citizens hired an engineer to make recommendations regarding a sea wall. They knew what had happened to their neighbors in Indianola, a great seaport southwest of Galveston Island. After a hurricane and its 10-foot storm surge killed people and destroyed most of the town, Indianola rebuilt only to be destroyed again 11 years later.
The engineer recommended that Galveston at least needed a dike. Nothing was done.
The waters of Galveston Bay (north of Galveston Island) met the waters of the Gulf of Mexico (south of the island) on September 8, 1900. When that happened, around 8,000 people died (perhaps more), and Galveston was destroyed.