After spending a few days in Paris with Jo, Theo and their new baby (named after him), Vincent arrived (on the 20th of May, 1890) at his new destination - a picturesque village, favored by artists. He rented a room at Arthur Gustave Ravoux's inn at Auvers-sur-Oise (Auvers on the River Oise).
It would soon be summer, and Auvers was filled with, and surrounded by, gorgeous scenery. Van Gogh wasted no time drawing and painting his impressions of the town and interpreting one beautiful scene after another.
In early June, Theo and his family paid a visit. Vincent was under the care of Dr. Gachet and appeared to be doing well.
Then ... bad news: Van Gogh learned that his namesake was very sick. Unknown to Vincent, the baby's illness wasn't the only problem Theo and his new wife were trying to manage. Theo - who was still supporting his brother - had serious concerns about his own health, his career and his financial future.
After the child was better, Vincent paid a visit on the 6th of July, 1890. Likely not expecting turmoil when he arrived, van Gogh soon realized that Theo's circumstances were not ideal. In her later memoir, Jo noted (scroll down 90%) "those were days of much ."
Returning to Auvers, Vincent created at a frenzied pace. His output of brilliant work was astonishing. Averaging nearly a painting a day that summer, he wrote to his mother and sister that he was reasonably calm:
For the present I am feeling much calmer than last year, and really the restlessness in my head has greatly quieted down. (Vincent to Mother and Sister, 10-14 July, 1890.)
Keeping his focus on such things as fields, plains, cottages and flowers in and around Auvers, the thirty-seven-year-old painter was in top artistic form. He visited the home and grounds (especially the garden) of a then-deceased artist whom he greatly admired - Charles Daubigny - whose widow still lived in the house.
His summer masterpieces include:
Under the surface of his apparent calmness, however, something must have been bothering Vincent. All was not well when he decided to go into the Auvers wheat fields - which he had often painted with such brilliance - on the evening of July 27, 1890.