How did the Treaty of Troye end? This illustration—by William Hamilton (1751-1801), a British artist—depicts one of its terms: “The Conclusion of the Treaty of Troye, Where Henry the V, King of England, Receives the Princess of France in Marriage.” The work was engraved by R. Gerard (a Frenchmen, active in the 1780s) and published (in 1788) by Madame Breton (active 1781-88). Currently maintained, and placed online, via the Metropolitan Museum of Art (in New York City).


Trying to bolster their claim to the French throne by adding more territory, the English broke the Treaty of Troyes. They invaded central France and, on October 12, 1428, began the seige of Orleans, only eighty miles south of Paris.

France had already lost control of its territory north of the Loire (in northern France). The English occupied this area thanks to the help of the Burgundians (French people who had a separate state within France). This link takes you to a map of Burgundy and France at the time of Joan of Arc.

Philip of Burgundy favored an alliance with England, not France. Charles, the dauphin, knew he could not count on the Burgundians to keep France for the French. Neither could the dauphin count on the French people themselves who had barely resisted English advances and who believed the English were invincible.

This medieval illumination, from Froissart's Chronicles (which is maintained at the BNF in Paris), depicts the negotiations between France and England at Amiens. The town was ultimately lost to the English.

By the spring of 1429, the situation looked hopeless for Charles and his countrymen.

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Author: Carole D. Bos, J.D. 5190stories and lessons created

Original Release: Oct 01, 1999

Updated Last Revision: Jun 20, 2019

To cite this story (For MLA citation guidance see easybib or OWL ):

"FRANCE NEEDS A LEADER" AwesomeStories.com. Oct 01, 1999. Feb 18, 2020.
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