Wind Talkers: Navajo Code Talkers in WWII - BELATED HONORS

It wasn’t just the Navajo who developed unbroken codes during World War II. So did the Comanches, Choctaws, Cherokees, Hopis and Meskwakis. Curators from the National Museum of the American Indian tell us that: “Ultimately, there were Code Talkers from at least 16 tribes who served in the army, the marines, and the navy.”

The image depicts Wayne Cooper’s artistic impression of Comanche Code Talker Charles Chibitty on a Normandy beach (code-named Utah Beach) during the June 1944 D-Day landings. The original painting is in room 419-C of Oklahoma’s Senate Building. Copyright Oklahoma State Senate Historical Preservation Fund, Inc. and Wayne Cooper, all rights reserved. Image provided here as fair use for educational purposes.


In the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, on 26 July 2001, the four survivors met the President. After introducing each of them, he extoled their accomplishments.

The gentlemen with us, John Brown, Chester Nez, Lloyd Oliver, Allen Dale June, and Joe Palmer, represented by his son Kermit, are the last of the original Navajo Code Talkers. In presenting gold medals to each of them, the Congress recognizes their individual service, bravely offered and flawlessly performed.

With silver medals, we also honor the dozens more who served later, with the same courage and distinction. And with all these honors, America pays tribute to the tradition and community that produced such men, the great Navajo Nation. The paintings in this rotunda tell of America and its rise as a nation. Among them are images of the first Europeans to reach the coast, and the first explorer to come upon the Mississippi.

But before all these firsts on this continent, there were the first people. They are depicted in the background, as if extras in the story. Yet, their own presence here in America predates all human record. Before others arrived, the story was theirs alone.

Today we mark a moment of shared history and shared victory. We recall a story that all Americans can celebrate, and every American should know. It is a story of ancient people, called to serve in a modern war. It is a story of one unbreakable oral code of the Second World War, messages traveling by field radio on Iwo Jima in the very language heard across the Colorado plateau centuries ago.

Above all, it's a story of young Navajos who brought honor to their nation and victory to their country. Some of the Code Talkers were very young, like Albert Smith, who joined the Marines at 15. In order to enlist, he said, I had to advance my age a little bit. At least one code talker was over-age, so he claimed to be younger in order to serve. On active duty, their value was so great, and their order so sensitive, that they were closely guarded. By war's end, some 400 Navajos had served as Code Talkers. Thirteen were killed in action, and their names, too, are on today's roll of honor.

Regardless of circumstances, regardless of history, they came forward to serve America. The Navajo code itself provides a part of the reason. Late in his life, Albert Smith explained, the code word for America was, "Our Mother." Our Mother stood for freedom, our religion, our ways of life, and that's why we went in. The Code Talkers joined 44,000 Native Americans who wore the uniform in World War II. More than 12,000 Native Americans fought in World War I. Thousands more served in Korea, Vietnam and serve to this very day.

Twenty-four Native Americans have earned the highest military distinction of all, the Medal of Honor, including Ernest Childers, who was my guest at the White House last week. In all these wars and conflicts, Native Americans have served with the modesty and strength and quiet valor their tradition has always inspired.

That tradition found full expression in the Code Talkers, in those absent, and in those with us today. Gentlemen, your service inspires the respect and admiration of all Americans, and our gratitude is expressed for all time, in the medals it is now my honor to present.

May God bless you all.

In addition to the medals, the President issued a Proclamation declaring November 2001 as National American Indian Heritage Month. President Reagan's 1982 Proclamation had previously designated August 14, 1982 as National Code Talkers' Day.

Now the code talkers are honored with a movie that depicts their heroism: Windtalkers. For the first time, people everywhere will learn their story. And through that story, all of us are reminded that mankind is capable of transcending the crimes of history to perform selfless acts of courage.



We gratefully acknowledge the personal assistance of Code-Talker Dr. Samuel Billison who provided indispensible background for this story. For more authentic information on the Navajo people, including frequently asked questions, visit NavajoCentral.org.

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Author: Carole D. Bos, J.D. 5197stories and lessons created

Original Release: Jun 01, 2002

Updated Last Revision: Jul 07, 2019

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