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Altruism: Stockbroker Sir Nicholas Winton and the Children of the Holocaust

"Sir Nicholas Winton", Picture of Winton rescuing children, BBC, Fair Use.

Sir Nicholas Winton, a young stockbroker in London, was altruistic and courageous in the early 1900’s as he helped many children escape the Holocaust. Even though the punishment for helping someone was instant death to the helper and his or her whole family, virtually no one knows of the astonishing individuals (many of them Christian), groups, villages, and one entire country that saved hundreds of thousands of persecuted people anyway. Never telling his wife for over fifty years after the war, Winton was the exception as the violence against the Jewish community inspired him to organize and rescue children from the Nazi’s during the Holocaust. His altruistic efforts also allowed him to see thousands of descendants of those whose lives he saved.

Winton’s altruistic efforts in 1938-1939 began by organizing a rescue organization that brought approximately 669 children, mostly Jewish, from Czechoslovakia to safety in Great Britain before the outbreak in World War II. During this same year, he met and traveled with Martin Blake, a friend and instructional master at the Westminster School in London as an associate of the British Committee for Refugees from Czechoslovakia. It was during this visit that he met Doreen Wariner, a friend of Blake who arranged for Winton to visit refugee camps, which exposed him to the violence against the Jewish community in Germany and Austria during the Kristallnachts riots in November 1938.

After hearing of the efforts of Jewish agencies in Britain to rescue over 10,000 German and Austrian Jewish children on the so-called Kindertransport, Winton summoned a similar rescue operation for children imperiled by the impending German dismemberment of Czechoslovakia in March 1939. Winton also used the name of the British Committee for Refugees Czechoslovakia to organize and accept applications from parents seeking a safe haven for their children.

The altruistic efforts continued in London where Winton raised money to fund the transports of children and the 50 pound per child guarantee demanded by the British government to fund a child’s departure from Britain. He also found British families willing to care for the refugees saving them from almost certain death. A total of eight trains was organized and left Prague and other forms of transport was setup from Vienna to enhance his efforts to save children. All of these efforts were in addition to Winton working during the day, while late afternoons and evenings were devoted to his rescue efforts. In addition, Winton battled bureaucracy at both ends, and persuaded British custom officials to allow all the children in despite incomplete documentation.

Although the rescue activities ceased when Germany invaded Poland and Britain declared war in Germany in early September 1939, Winton did not stop. He went on to create a scrapbook of his efforts that remained virtually unknown until 1988. At this time, his wife found the scrapbook and became aware of all the children he helped. Winton’s humanitarian efforts includes being recognized by the former president of the State of Israel, he was made an honorary citizen of the Prague in the independent Czech Republic and received a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II for his services to humanity and along with a host of other awards before his death in 2015.






Original Release: May 08, 2016

Updated Last Revision: Jun 10, 2016


Footnotes:
1) Nick and Barbara WInton, Sir Nicholas Winton, Nicholas Winton Home Page, May/21/2016, May/07/2016, http://www.nicholaswinton.com/
2) Holocaust Memorial Museum, Nicholas Winton and the rescue of children from Czechoslovakia, Holocaust Encyclopedia, Jan/29/2016, May/07/2016, https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007780

To cite this story (For MLA citation guidance see easybib or OWL ):

"Altruism: Stockbroker Sir Nicholas Winton and the Children of the Holocaust" AwesomeStories.com. May 08, 2016. Oct 24, 2017.
       <https://www.awesomestories.com/asset/view/156752>.
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