Student Stories on the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus - The Temple of Artemis By Matthew Mundinger and Julio Gil

Have you ever wondered what history is behind the Temple of Artemis?

The Temple of Artemis was an amazing and spectacular temple. The temple was remade several times after being destroyed countless times.

Artemis was a goddess daughter of Zeus and Leto and twin sister of Apollo who was god of music, truth and prophecy. She was the goddess of the hunt, moon and natural environment.

After Zeus got Leto pregnant, he married Hera whose actions are a surprise because she was the goddess of marriage and family. Hera chased Leto to the island of Ortygia were she gave birth to Artemis and then Apollo.

Artemis was armed with a bow made to inflict plagues, death or heal. She is the protector of baby animals, according to Find Your Goddess Archetype—Artemis, and loves to hunt!

Artemis drives her chariot of stags across the heavens to create the evening, and this means she is the symbol of the evening and moon. But that is the goddess—what about the Temple itself? The temple has been through a lot!

The destruction of one of the temples, at the Ephesus site, was connected to another major event—the birth of Alexander the Great, who would be known as one of the best military leaders of his (or any) time.

In total he conquered 20 million square miles of land. He defeated the Achaemenid Persian Empire under the rule of Darius III and then against local chieftains and warlords as far east as Punjab, India.

There are two accounts of who actually built the temple of Artemis. An author named Callimachus wrote in a book that the Amazons had built it. The second account was that a wealthy man funded a ten-year project to make the temple with an architect and his son. What destroyed several of the oldest temples was a disastrous flood and a war, and what destroyed the temple that the wealthy man made was a fire started by an arsonist.

The reason for these differing accounts, about who built the Ephesus temples, is because the temple honoring Artemis was rebuilt so many times. The one that became a wonder of the ancient world, though, was being built when Alexander visited Ephesus around 333 BC. In fact, he wanted to help fund its completion—but he wanted to be known as the builder. That wasn’t going to work with the city officials.

And after being a goddess’s Temple, and burning down on the same day as the incredible Alexander the Great was born, this Temple is an amazing piece of history. As long as this ruin doesn’t disappear forever, we can enjoy it for generations to come! Just enjoy the landmark. And enjoy all the amazing stories that come with it.

Original Release: May 23, 2017

Updated Last Revision: Jun 14, 2017

1) Sftrajan, Temple of Artemis , www.flickr.com, Apr/20/2017, May/31/2017, https://www.flickr.com/photos/sftrajan/4648262563
2) Ryan Dennis, Arson, www.11alive.com, Nov/11/2017, May/31/2017, http://www.11alive.com/news/local/suspected-arson-involved-in-multiple-forest-fires/350735220

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"The Temple of Artemis By Matthew Mundinger and Julio Gil" AwesomeStories.com. May 23, 2017. Dec 09, 2019.
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