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Great Fire of 1871 - 19TH CENTURY FIREFIGHTING

19TH CENTURY FIREFIGHTING (Illustration) American History Awesome Radio - Narrated Stories Famous Historical Events Social Studies STEM Nineteenth Century Life Disasters

Currier & Ives published this hand-colored lithograph—"The American Fireman. Always Ready"—in 1858.  It was created by Louis Maurer (1832-1932), a German-born printmaker who later emigrated to America. Online via the Library of Congress.

 

The Great Fire took place 6½ years after Abraham Lincoln’s assassination. Equipment then was not close to the equipment we have today. Cars were not yet invented. Racing to the scene of a fire wasn’t like it is today.

By 1870, a French-invented chemical fire engine was imported to the U.S. It could have been helpful, in Chicago, but it went to Derry (a town in New Hampshire).

Firefighters throughout the Midwest would have to rely on their steam engines, and water, to fight the massive conflagration that became "the Great Fire."  It would not be an easy job.

How sophisticated was 1871 fire-fighting equipment? A few months before the Great Fires, in its June issue, Manufacturer and Builder boasts of the great steam engine advancements over equipment from "ye olden time."

Of all the numerous improvements which forcibly impress the stranger in a large city, nothing is more likely to challenge his imagination or excite his wonderment than the rapidity and certainty with which the largest and fiercest conflagrations are extinguished by the use of the great steam agent and its only superior, electricity.

One hundred and fifty years ago, the cry of  "fire,"  even in the staid burgh of New-York, was the signal for all employments to cease, and for the whole population, from the grave burgomaster to the equally stolid youngsters who played in the gutters, to make a tumultuous rush to the scene of the conflagration. Buckets and swabs came into requisition, and the portly burgers busied themselves in endeavoring to combat the devouring element until the arrival of the engines.  (Manufacturer and Builder, June 1871, page 130.)

The boast was premature. When "the largest and fiercest conflagrations" actually developed a few months after this article was published, men and their "modern" equipment were powerless to stop the ravenous inferno.

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Author: Carole D. Bos, J.D. 5124stories and lessons created

Original Release: Sep 01, 2002

Updated Last Revision: Jan 19, 2017


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