Cabanatuan Operation Map

Cabanatuan Operation Map American History Famous Historical Events Film Geography Social Studies World History World War II Tragedies and Triumphs

This map depicts the routes which the Americans followed to reach—and leave—the Cabanatuan prisoner camp.  We learn more about the details from U.S. Army Special Operations in World War II (by David W. Hogan, Jr.):

After the scouts went ahead to reconnoiter the position, a reinforced company of 107 Rangers infiltrated Japanese lines near Guimba in the early afternoon of 28 January [1945]. Guided by the [Philippine]  guerrillas, the Rangers hiked through forests and open grasslands, narrowly avoiding a Japanese tank on the national highway by following a ravine that ran under the road.

At Balincarin on the twentyninth, 1st Lt. Thomas Rounsaville and 1st Lt. William Nellist of the scouts notified Mucci of heavy traffic around the compound, causing the Ranger chief to postpone the raid until the evening of the thirtieth. While the Rangers rested at the village of Platero, the scouts conducted further reconnaissance from a nipa hut across the road from the camp.

The skillful reconnaissance and careful planning paid off in a swift, well-executed attack. In the early evening of the thirtieth the Rangers began their approach march, crawling across the last mile of open rice fields to take up a position on two sides of the camp.

While one platoon, on signal, eliminated the guards in the rear and on one side of the stockade, another broke through the main gate to rake the garrison's quarters with automatic fire, and a third broke into the prisoners' section and liberated the astonished captives, most of whom had to be carried to freedom.

Within half an hour the Rangers had destroyed the installation, killing about 200 Japanese guards and rescuing over 500 prisoners at the cost of two dead and seven seriously wounded. Covered by the guerrillas, who stopped an enemy relief effort northeast of the camp, the column of Rangers and liberated prisoners finally reached friendly lines by the following morning.  (Hogan, at pages 86-88.)

Click on the map image for a better view.

Media Credits

mage from U.S. Army Special Operations in World War II, by David W. Hogan, Chapter 4 (“Special Operations in the Pacific”), at page 84. 


Image online, courtesy U.S. Army Center of Military History.



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"Cabanatuan Operation Map" AwesomeStories.com. Oct 07, 2013. Jun 01, 2020.
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