Columbian Exchange - Old to New World

When Columbus reached the Bahamas, in October of 1492, he started a series of events that are now known as “The Columbian Exchange.”

What is the Columbian Exchange?

People who traveled to the “New World” (in the Western Hemisphere) from the “Old World” (in the Eastern Hemisphere)—and vice versa—transported plants, animals and diseases.

This exchange of cultural and biological organisms caused the world to become more similar. Today Planet Earth is a more homogeneous place than it was in 1492 because of these actions.

This image depicts domesticated plants which travelers brought from the “Old World” to the “New.” Starting at the top left, and moving clockwise, we see:

  • Citrus (Rutaceae )
  • Apple (Malus domestica )
  • Banana (Musa )
  • Mango (Mangifera )
  • Onion (Allium )
  • Coffee (Coffea )
  • Wheat (Triticum spp.)
  • Rice (Oryza sativa )

Click on the image for a better view.

Media Credits

Image, described above, by Uxbona and online via Wikimedia Commons. License:  CC BY-SA 3.0


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"Columbian Exchange - Old to New World" AwesomeStories.com. Feb 05, 2016. Sep 19, 2018.
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