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Germany Before and After 1919

Germany Before and After 1919 Social Studies World War II Geography

This map depicts the extent of Germany territory in Europe before 1919.  After 1919, and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany lost a great deal of territory both in Europe and elsewhere.

While Germans despised the terms of the Versailles Treaty, other European nations favored it.  Germany's war enemies wanted to impose the worst-possible sanctions against Germany (without causing German negotiators to leave the discussion table).

Among Germany's losses, required by the Versailles Treaty, were previously disputed lands:

  • The provinces of Alsace and Lorraine returned to France
  • Parts of Schleswig were ceded to Denmark
  • New countries were created in the east to roughly match the ethnic balance of the area
  • “The Polish Corridor” was created, giving the Poles a broad strip of land connecting it to the sea (thereby separating Eastern Prussia from the rest of Germany).

In addition, Germany’s colonies (overseas) were taken over by the Allies.  They were either annexed, directly, or were managed by the Allies until the colonies were ready for independence.

In total, after 1919, Germany lost more than 1 million square miles of territory.  The country also lost around 6 million people in the land-redistribution process.

Today in the Hall of Mirrors, the disgraceful Treaty is being signed. Do not forget it. The German people will, with unceasing labor, press forward to reconquer the place among nations to which it is entitled. Then will come vengence for the shame of 1919.

Adolf Hitler was one of the individuals who wanted "vengence for the shame of 1919."


Media Credits

Map image online, courtesy GCSE History.

PD

 

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