Germany and Italy Sign Pact of Steel

On May 22, 1939, Italy and Germany sign an alliance which is known as the "Pact of Steel." The event takes place at the Reich Chancellory in Berlin.

In this image, which is online via German History in Documents and Images (GHDI), we see Hitler showing the treaty to Italy's Foreign Minister. GHDI provides this description of the photo:

The “Pact of Steel”: The Signing of the German-Italian Military Alliance in the New Reich Chancellery (May 22, 1939)

Signed on May 22, 1939, the “Pact of Steel” was another foreign policy step taken in preparation for the German attack on Poland. With this pact, the German Reich and Italy committed themselves to military cooperation and mutual support in case of war.

The photo shows Hitler handing the treaty to the Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano (front left) in the new Reich Chancellery in Berlin. Hermann Göring can be seen next to Hitler on the right.

What were the highlights of this agreement?

  • Italy and Germany would cooperate economically;
  • If war broke out, the signing countries would assist each other;
  • In the event of war, both countries would collaboratively talk about war-planning and war-operations;
  • Both countries would cooperate to produce joint political propaganda;
  • If a signing country thought it wise to agree to peace terms (in the event of war), the peace-seeking country would not agree to peace terms without first getting consent from the other nation.

Click on the image for a better view.

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Author: Carole D. Bos, J.D. 5155stories and lessons created

Original Release: Mar 30, 2017

Updated Last Revision: Sep 01, 2017

Media Credits

Photo online via German History in Documents and Images; Image by unnamed photographer.


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"Germany and Italy Sign Pact of Steel" AwesomeStories.com. Mar 30, 2017. Jan 18, 2019.
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