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Landing-Schedule Diagram - Omaha Beach

Landing-Schedule Diagram - Omaha Beach Visual Arts Famous Historical Events World War II

 

Eisenhower and his generals (plus their staff members) planned the Normandy invasion over a period of several years.  Military leaders attempted to cover every possible detail.

The landings were also timed.  In addition to tide levels, military leaders had to consider Germany's defensive moves.

This chart depicts the planned landings at Omaha Beach.  To understand its details, we turn to American Forces in Action - Omaha Beachhead (6 June - 13 June 1944 ), at pages 30-33 :

For purposes of the landing operations, the whole Omaha area had been divided into beach sectors and sub-sectors, with six sub-sectors falling in the main one of landings.

The 1st Division planned an attack by two regiments abreast. On the two easterly sub-sectors (Easy Red and Fox Green), totaling about 3,000 yards, the 16th RCT would assault with two battalion landing teams abreast, one on each sub-sector; the support BLT would touchdown on Easy Red at H+70 minutes.

On the four western subsectors (Dog Green, Dog White, Dog Red, and Easy Green), totaling about 3,000 yards, the 116th RCT would likewise assault with two BLT' s abreast, the support battalion coming in on the three eastern subsectors.

The Provisional Ranger Force of two battalions (six companies each), attached to the 116th RCT, had special missions on the right flank. Three companies of the 2d Ranger Battalion were to scale the cliffs at Pointe du Hoe, three miles west of the main landings, and take the fortified battery positions. One company of the same unit would land just west of the 116th near Exit D-1 and assault the enemy positions at Pointe de la Percée.

If the assault at Pointe du Hoe was successful by H+30 minutes, the 5th Ranger Battalion and the remaining companies of the 2d Battalion would land there; if not, they would come in on Dog Green at H+70 and proceed overland for attack on Pointe du Hoe.

Further break-down of the assault tactics can best be followed in terms of the landing schedule, which brought the BLT's and their specialized supporting attachments ashore in a pattern to conform to the expected needs and development of the battle. The schedule for the 116th RCT may be taken as representative...

H Hour would be fixed so as to bring in the first landing waves as soon after dawn as possible, and under conditions of tide low enough to expose fully the underwater beach obstacles. This timing was an essential feature of the assault plans. It meant that the first waves would have to cross several hundred yards of open ground on the tidal flat, but it would allow an engineer task force to clear lanes through the obstacles before the arrival of larger forces and supplies at high water.

At H-5 minutes Companies B and C (DD tanks) of the 743d Tank Battalion would make the first touchdown on Dog White and Dog Green. These tanks, fitted to navigate on water or land, were to be launched from 6,000 yards out, swim ashore, and take up firing positions at the water's edge to cover the first phase of the assault ... Moving up through the obstacles as the tide rose, the tanks would support the main assault and then clear the beach through Exit D-3...

...As the landing schedule clearly shows, the two assault regimental combat teams were expected to break through the beach defenses within the first two hours after touchdown. The enemy strongpoints protecting the exit draws were to be neutralized early enough to permit their opening for traffic off the beach by H+3 hours.

After reducing beach defenses in their allotted ones, the companies in the assault battalion landing teams were to make their way to battalion assembly areas, ordinarily about a thousand yards inland. From there on, the battalions would operate toward assigned missions inland...

The mission, in other words, was very  carefully planned. 

Whether the schedule could be maintained, of course, depended on many  factors (not least-important was the level of German resistance).

Click on the image for a better view.


Media Credits

Image described above, online courtesy HyperWar Foundation and iBiblio - The Public's Library and Digital Archive at University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill).

PD

 

To cite this story (For MLA citation guidance see easybib or OWL ):

"Landing-Schedule Diagram - Omaha Beach" AwesomeStories.com. Oct 07, 2013. Dec 15, 2019.
       <http://www.awesomestories.com/asset/view/Landing-Schedule-Diagram-Omaha-Beach/1>.
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