At the end of the first day of battle at Gettysburg - July 1, 1863 - Union lines had collapsed. Confederate troops were ecstatic and General Robert E. Lee, their leader, wanted to push forward.
Lee's second-in-command - General Longstreet - thought the best move, at that point in the battle, was to have Confederate troops stop fighting. Lee was shocked at the suggestion: "Do you mean, disengage?!"
Longstreet reminded Lee that Confederate strategy was defensive (not offensive) in nature - even though the battle of Gettysburg itself was taking place in Union, not Confederate, territory.
Lee observed that the situation had changed. Southern troops were now in Northern territory, and Union troops were on the run. Wouldn't it be better to take advantage of that situation?
Longstreet worried that by the next day, Union troops would be reinforced while Confederates would be greatly outnumbered. He preferred to head south - not to retreat but to redeploy - then pick a battle site of their own choosing (instead of remaining at Gettysburg where the tide of battle could turn against them).
Lee disagreed, and the Battle of Gettysburg would continue for two more days.
At the time these events took place, General Thomas ("Stonewall") Jackson - a man in whom Robert E. Lee had great confidence - had been dead less than two months. The results of this battle proved to be a turning point in the American Civil War.
See, also, these pictures of the Gettysburg Battle from the Library of Congress:
"Headquarters of Gen. George G. Meade on Cemetery Ridge" - photo by Alexander Gardner
"The Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter, on battle field of Gettysburg" - photo by James F. Gibson
"Bodies of Federal soldiers, killed on July 1, near the McPherson woods" - photo by Timothy O'Sullivan
"Federal dead on the right of the Federal lines, killed on July 1" - photo by James F. Gibson
"View at Trostle's barn where the 9th Massachusetts Battery was cut up" - photo by Timothy O'Sullivan
See these related videos:
Lee Reprimands Jeb Stuart at Gettysburg - End of Second Day
Chamberlain and Kilrain at Gettysburg - "Killer Angels" Monologue
Battle of Gettysburg - Union Charge
Pickett's Charge - Plan of Attack
Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg
Clip from the 1993 film "Gettysburg," based on The Killer Angels (a book by Michael Shaara), online courtesy YouTube. Copyright, Turner Pictures, all rights reserved. Provided here as fair use for educational purposes.
Ronald F. Maxwell
Ronald F. Maxwell
Martin Sheen - General Robert E. Lee
Tom Berenger - Lieutenant General James Longstreet
Jeff Daniels - Colonel Joshua Chamberlain
Stephen Lang - Major General George Pickett
Joseph Fuqua - Major General J.E.B. Stuart
George Lazenby - General Johnston Pettigrew
James Patrick Stuart - Colonel Edward Porter Alexander
Musical Score by:
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