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Physician in the 11th Century - Illumination

Physician in the 11th Century - Illumination Medieval Times Social Studies World History Medicine Visual Arts

Image of an illustration, called "The Doctor's Visit," which was included in Avicenna's Canon of Medicine (from the 11th Century).  

The U.S. National Library of Medicine (at the National Institutes of Health) tells us more about this important work:

Avicenna, a renowned Persian Muslim scientist has written numerous scientific papers and valuable medical books that are respected worldwide. For centuries his masterpiece, the "Canon of Medicine,” has been used as a major medical reference.

The Canon, as a prime encyclopedia on medicine is comprised of five books. In the introduction to the Canon, Avicenna has described the purpose of medicine as the preservation of health if it is already attained and its restoration when it is lost.

He defines health as a trait or state, which results in the normal functioning of the human body and presumes that health is a steady state, whilst disease is more of a variable concept. Thus whenever we depart from a healthy state, we approach disease.

A comparison of current views regarding definitions of health, disease and their components as defined by Avicenna could open new horizons for ancient, traditional medicine. The Canon contains numerous implications concerning the infrastructures of public health-related issues. For example the specifications of healthy water and air are well described in the "Canon of Medicine.” ...

Click on the image for a better view of this image.


Media Credits

Image, described above, online via Wikimedia Commons.

 

 

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