After Alice Paul, Lucy Burns and their colleagues are released, the women renew their efforts to get a constitutional amendment, granting women the right to vote.
When World War I is over, it is no longer possible to ignore the accomplishments of women - particularly for the war effort - as they had collectively worked in factories, and elsewhere, to produce what was used in battle.
President Wilson, who had previously disapproved of the White House pickets, announces the 19th amendment. It must be ratified by three-quarters of the states to make it law.
It all comes down to the vote of one young man in Tennessee.
At 4:50 into this video clip, we see what happens when Harry Burn switches his vote from "no" to "yes." He follows the urging of his mother who had written him a letter:
Hurrah, and vote for suffrage! Don’t keep them in doubt.
After the 19th amendment was passed, Alice Paul continued her work on behalf of women's rights. She lived a long life and never married. The Library of Congress tells us what happened to Lucy Burns:
After her release, Burns commenced nationwide speaking tours.
Unlike Paul, who remained active in the NWP [National Women's Party] until her death, Burns retired from public campaigns with the success of the 19th Amendment. She spent the rest of her life working with the Catholic Church.
Alice Paul - Chairman of the Congressional Committee
Alice Paul and Lucy Burns - Building the Base
Suffragette Parade - March 13, 1913
Success and Resistance - Alice Paul Keeps Fighting
Breaking Ranks within the Women's Movement
Lucy Burns - Let's Picket the White House
Lucy Burns and Alice Paul - Advocates for Women
Lucy Burns - Imprisoned at the Occoquan Workhouse
Clips online, courtesy HBO and YouTube. All copyrights/ownership rights belong to HBO. Provided here as "fair use" for educational purposes and to acquaint new viewers with the program.
Katja von Garnier
Lydia Dean Pilcher
Hilary Swank - Alice Paul
Frances O'Connor - Lucy Burns
Molly Parker - Emily Leighton (a fictional character portrayed as a senator's wife)
Laura Fraser - Doris Stevens
Lois Smith - Rev. Dr. Anna Howard Shaw
Vera Farmiga - Ruza Wenclawska (also known as Rose Winslow)
Brooke Smith - Mabel Vernon
Patrick Dempsey - Ben Weissman (a fictional character)
Julia Ormond - Inez Milholland
Adilah Barnes - Ida Wells-Barnett
Anjelica Huston - Carrie Chapman Catt
February 15, 2004
Quoted passages from an article by Sheridan Harvey, online at the Library of Congress - American Memory - web site.
For more details about this period of American history, as women struggled for the right to vote, see this American Memory story (in PDF format) from the Library of Congress.