President Lincoln wants America to take a moderate approach to rebuilding the country, and reconstruct the South, at the end of the Civil War. After his assassination, however, things did not proceed the way Lincoln had urged.
Fighting between the Japanese and Americans on the Island of Guadalcanal is brutally intense and lasts for months. The battle for the strategic island finally ends with an American victory on February 9, 1943.
During the early morning hours of February 10, 1567, someone murdered Lord Darnley - also known as Henry Stuart - at Kirk o'Field. People pointed to Mary, Queen of Scots, Darnley's wife. Was she guilty of engineering her husband's murder?
With a cold fog descending on Berlin, people took their places on the Glienicke Bridge. It was a cold Saturday morning, in 1962, and no news reporters would be allowed to witness the event when East and West exchanged Powers and Abel.
For the first time since 1554, a reigning Queen of England becomes a bride when Victoria marries Albert at the Chapel Royal, St. James' Palace. The couple remain together for nearly 21 years, until Albert's death in 1861.
Charles Darwin, whose theories about evolution and natural selection revolutionized scientific inquiries, was born on this day in 1809. Learn more about him through the story of his relationship with his daughter Annie (who died when she was young).
Winning the 1970 Nobel Prize for Literature, Solzhenitsyn was deported from Russia in 1974 (soon after the first volume of his acclaimed work, ''The Gulag Archipelago'' was published). He later talks about what happened to him (and how he reacted).
Allied forces, during World War II, dropped bombs on the German city of Dresden between February and March of 1945. It is estimated that around 135,000 people died during the disastrous shelling. The bomb runs began on Feb 13, 1945.
Howard Carter opened King Tut's Tomb on this day, in 1924. He was funded by George Herbert (who later became the 5th Earl of Carnavon), whose family owns Highclere Castle (used as Downton Abbey in the much-loved TV series).