Facebook
Twitter

Amazing Mimicker - The Superb Lyrebird

It was the 1930s and a flute-playing farmer, living in Dorrigo - the northern-coastal area of New South Wales - had a special pet bird. That special pet was a lyrebird who was able to mimic certain phrases of the flute-player’s music.

Some of the songs which the flutist played were popular tunes of the day, like "The Keel Row" and "Mosquito's Dance.”

After a few years, the farmer released his pet bird into the adjacent forest of New England National Park (which features a "lyrebird walk"). As the tale is told, he never saw the bird again.

Thirty years or so later, Neville Fenton - a park ranger in the New England National Park, near Dorrigo - recorded a singing lyrebird. Listening to the bird’s music, Fenton thought he was listening to a performing flutist.

Curious, Ranger Fenton sent his recording to someone who could analyze it. Norman Robinson, an ornithologist, filtered the tunes to separate the lyrebird’s song. As it happens, a lyrebird can carry two different tunes at the same time.

Once he isolated the tunes, Robinson was able to identify the lyrebird’s music. He was singing his own version of “The Keel Row” and “Mosquito’s Dance.”

In his 2005 book, Why Birds Sing, David Rothenberg (a musicologist) comments on this seemingly farfetched story:

This species [the superb lyrebird] possesses a shared and learned sense of song that is passed down from generation to generation ... Lyrebirds in the ... New England National Park were found to have flutelike elements in their song, a sound not heard in other populations of superb lyrebirds.

Further analysis of the song showed that the phrase contained elements of two popular tunes of the 1930s, "Mosquito Dance" and "The Keel Row." As lyrebirds can sing two melodies simultaneously, through several generations this population had created its own distinctive territorial song blending the two melodies into a single compressed phrase, refining it from generation to generation.

It is now seventy years since a lyrebird learned these fragments, and today the flute song has been heard a hundred kilometers from the original source. A human tune is spreading through the lyrebird world, as they've decided through generations to prefer just two shards of our particular music. (Why Birds Sing: A Journey Into the Mystery of Bird Song, by David Rothenberg, at pages 55-56.)

So ... the superb lyrebird (whose scientific name is Menura novaehollandiae) can incorporate flute sounds into its repertoire ... an amazing feat. But there’s more to this story.

Can you imagine hearing a bird which makes the sound of a chainsaw ... or a clicking camera ... or a train? How about mimicking the song of another bird, in such a perfectly rendered way that even a potential mate of the mimicked species is fooled by it?

If you doubt that such a bird exists, “meet” the Superb Lyrebird in this clip from the BBC’s “Planet Earth.” You have to see it to believe that all the lyrebird’s sounds are actually coming from the bird itself.

And ... in addition to everything else about this amazing bird ... males have a spectacular tail, resembling a Greek lyre when fully extended, which they show-off during their courtship displays.

It’s hard to think of any other creature whose superb features are so superbly included in its very name! (Photo by "Fir0002/Flagstaffotos; License: GFDL v1.2)

0 Question or Comment?
click to read or comment
1 Questions 2 Ponder
click to read and respond
0 It's Awesome!
vote for your favorite

Author: Carole D. Bos, J.D. 5124stories and lessons created

Original Release: Apr 21, 2013

Updated Last Revision: Oct 20, 2017


Media Credits

There are two species of lyrebird, both native to Australia. The "Superb Lyrebird" ("Menura novaehollandiae") is featured in this story. The other species is "Albert’s Lyrebird."

 

The image, displayed above, is by “Fir0002/Flagstaffotos.” It depicts a Superb Lyrebird in Victoria, Australia. The picture is not in the public domain, but it may be used PROVIDED that it is always accompanied by its appropriate License:  Under the GFDL v1.2.  No other conditions may be added to, or removed from this license without the permission of the author and copyright holder (Fir0002/Flagstaffotos).

 

Video clip, narrated by Sir David Attenborough, is from Planet Earth online via BBC's Worldwide Channel at YouTube.  Copyright, BBC, all rights reserved.  Video clip provided here as fair use for educational purposes and to acquaint new viewers with the production.

 

To cite this story (For MLA citation guidance see easybib or OWL ):

"Amazing Mimicker - The Superb Lyrebird" AwesomeStories.com. Apr 21, 2013. Oct 21, 2017.
       <https://www.awesomestories.com/asset/view/Amazing-Mimicker-The-Superb-Lyrebird>.
Awesome Stories Silver or Gold Membership Required
Awesome Stories Silver or Gold Membership Required
Show tooltips